• Fun Facts

    Post
    Australians are exposed to 2 millisieverts of 'background' radiation per year
    Post
    A CT of the chest can be roughly equivalent to having 100 single chest X-rays
    Post
    15x Melbourne → Singapore → London flights exposes you to 1 millisievert
  • Diagnostic X-rays

    A diagnostic X-ray is the oldest and most common medical radiology procedure. Radiologists use X-rays to help diagnose disease or injury inside your body. A machine directs a small, carefully calculated amount of radiation toward a specific part of the body to produce an image on a film on the other side of the body. Radiologists study the X-ray images to detect and diagnose disease or injury.

  • CT dosage

    Computed Tomography (CT) is currently one of the major contributors to the collective population radiation dose due to the increasing popularity of CT examinations as a non-invasive diagnostic tool. The evolution of CT scanner technology has turned their use from specialized into routine examination. More due diligence is required due to the high radiation dose of CT.

  • Where to from here?

    It is of the utmost importance that both clinical justification as well as technical optimization are implemented to maintain a high benefit to risk ratio. Solid interdisciplinary partnerships and research endeavours between clinical specialists and technology engineers will help to fast track developments in this area.

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Intellectual Property

The Laboratory for Dynamic Imaging generated a series of global patents between 2008—2013. All public disclosure is made at the discretion of the inventors. For further information, contact the researchers directly.


2008 publications

Peer reviewed journal papers:


  1. Fouras, A., Lo Jacono, D. & Hourigan, K. (2008) Target-free stereo PIV: A novel technique with inherent error estimation and improved accuracy. Experiments in Fluids, 44(2), 317-329.

    doi: 10.1007/s00348-007-0404-1
  2. Fouras, A., Lo Jacono, D., Sheard, G.J. & Hourigan, K.(2008) Measurement of instantaneous velocity and surface topography in the wake of a cylinder at low Reynolds number. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 24, 1271-1277.

    doi: 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2008.06.013
  3. Irvine, S.C., Paganin, D.M., Dubsky, S., Lewis, R.A. & Fouras, A. (2008) Phase retrieval for improved 3-D velocimetric analysis of X-ray blood flow speckle patterns, Applied Physics Letters, 93, 153901: 1–3.

    doi: 10.1063/1.3001592
  4. Kitchen, M.J., Lewis, R.A., Morgan, M.J., Wallace, M.J., Siew, M.L.L., Siu, K.K.W., Habib, A., Fouras, A., Yagi, N., Uesugi, K. & Hooper, S.B. (2008) Dynamic measures of regional lung air volume using phase contrast X-ray imaging, Physics in Medicine and Biology, 53, 6065-6077.

    doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/53/21/012
  5. Parsons, D.W., Morgan, K., Donnelley, M., Fouras, A., Crosbie, J., Williams, I., Boucher, R.C., Uesugi, K., Yagi, N. & Siu, K.K.W. (2008) High resolution visualization of airspace structures in intact mice via synchrotron phase contrast x-ray imaging (PCXI), Journal of Anatomy, 213(2), 217-227.

    doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.00950.x
  6. Wade, S.A., Jolley, W. & Fouras, A. (2008) Fibre Bragg grating tether used to measure drag forces in neutral buoyancy flow tank test. Review of Scientific Instruments, 79(6), 065102.

    doi: 10.1063/1.2937457

Refereed Conference Papers:


  1. Dubsky, S., Fouras, A., Irvine, S.C., Siu, K.K.W. & Hourigan, K. (2008) Three component, three-dimensional X-ray particle image velocimetry using multiple projections, 14th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, 7-10 July 2008.
  2. PDF Download Fouras, A., Lo Jacono, D., Nguyen, C.V., Dubsky, S. & Hourigan, K. (2008) Volumetric correlation PIV: A new technique for 3D velocity vector field measurement, 14th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, 7-10 July 2008.
  3. PDF Download Nguyen, C.V., Carberry, J. & Fouras, A. (2008) Control of the depth of correlation in micro-PIV using a novel post-processing method, 22nd International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Adelaide, Australia, 25th-29th August 2008.
  4. PDF Download Nguyen, C.V., Fouras, A. & Carberry, J. (2008) Improved accuracy of micro PIV measurement using image overlapping technique, 14th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, 7-10 July 2008.
  5. PDF Download Tolouei, E., Nesbitt, W.S., Fouras, A. & Carberry, J. (2008) A high spatial method to determine three-dimensional velocity gradient tensor using micro particle image velocimetry, 14th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, 7-10 July 2008.
  6. PDF Download Tolouei, E., Nesbitt, W.S., Fouras, A. , Carberry, J. & Jackson, S. (2008) A novel scanning method to measure shear rate around a thrombus using micro particle image velocimetry, in Proceedings of the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference 2008, Pts A & B, Marco Isl, FL, 25-29 June 2008, 881–882.