• Fun Facts

    Post
    Australians are exposed to 2 millisieverts of 'background' radiation per year
    Post
    A CT of the chest can be roughly equivalent to having 100 single chest X-rays
    Post
    15x Melbourne → Singapore → London flights exposes you to 1 millisievert
  • Diagnostic X-rays

    A diagnostic X-ray is the oldest and most common medical radiology procedure. Radiologists use X-rays to help diagnose disease or injury inside your body. A machine directs a small, carefully calculated amount of radiation toward a specific part of the body to produce an image on a film on the other side of the body. Radiologists study the X-ray images to detect and diagnose disease or injury.

  • CT dosage

    Computed Tomography (CT) is currently one of the major contributors to the collective population radiation dose due to the increasing popularity of CT examinations as a non-invasive diagnostic tool. The evolution of CT scanner technology has turned their use from specialized into routine examination. More due diligence is required due to the high radiation dose of CT.

  • Where to from here?

    It is of the utmost importance that both clinical justification as well as technical optimization are implemented to maintain a high benefit to risk ratio. Solid interdisciplinary partnerships and research endeavours between clinical specialists and technology engineers will help to fast track developments in this area.

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Intellectual Property

The Laboratory for Dynamic Imaging generated a series of global patents between 2008—2013. All public disclosure is made at the discretion of the inventors. For further information, contact the researchers directly.


Pre-2008 publications


2007 publications

Peer reviewed journal papers:


  1. Fouras, A., Dusting, J. & Hourigan, K. (2007) A simple calibration technique for stereoscopic particle image velocimetry, Experiments in Fluids, 42(5), 799–810.

    doi: 10.1007/s00348-007-0293-3
  2. Fouras, A., Dusting, J., Lewis, R. & Hourigan, K. (2007) Three-dimensional synchrotron x-ray particle image velocimetry, Journal of Applied Physics, 102, 064916.

    doi: 10.1063/1.2783978

Refereed Conference Papers:


  1. PDF Download Fouras, A., Lo Jacono, D., Sheard, G.J. & Hourigan, K. (2007) Measurement of instantaneous velocity and surface topography of a cylinder at low Reynolds number, in Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Unsteady Separated Flows and Their Control (Eds: M. Braza & K. Hourigan, CD-ROM), Hotel Corfu Chandris, Corfu, Greece, 18–22 June 2007.

2006 publications

Peer reviewed journal papers:


  1. Fouras, A., Hourigan, K., Kawahashi, M. & Hirahara, H. (2006) An improved, free surface, topographic technique, Journal of Visualization, 9(1), 49–56.

    http://iospress.metapress.com/content/dqg7404182177t34/

Pre–2006 publications

Peer reviewed journal papers:


  1. Fouras, A., & Soria, J. (1998) Accuracy of out-of-plane vorticity measurements derived from in-plane velocity field data, Experiments in Fluids, 25, 409–430.

    doi: 10.1007/s003480050248

Refereed Conference Papers:


  1. Fouras, A., Hourigan, K., Kawahashi, M. & Hirahara, H. (2004) An improved, free surface, topographic technique, in In Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Optical Diagnostics in Fluids, Solids and Combustion (VSJ-SPIE.04, Eds: M. Kawahashi, ISBN: 4-906497-83-7, CD-ROM), University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, 4–6 December 2004, V0309.
  2. Fouras, A. & Soria, J. (2001) An image recording method using two cameras with application to PIV, in Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics 2001 (Proceedings of the 5th World Conference on Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics; Publisher: Edizioni ETS; Editor: G.P. Celata), Thessaloniki, Greece, 24–29 September 2001.
  3. Chong, M., Fouras, A., Kostas, J. & Soria, J. (1999) Flow measurements of a backward facing step flow using film based cross-correlation PIV, in Proceedings of the Second Australian Conference on Laser Diagnostics in Fluid Mechanics and Combustion (Publisher: Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, Editors: J. Soria & D. Honnery; ISBN: 0-7326-2076-7), Melbourne, Australia, 9–10 December 1999.
  4. Fouras, A., Kostas, J. & Soria, J. (1999) An image recording method utilising two cameras with application to PIV, in Proceedings of the Second Australian Conference on Laser Diagnostics in Fluid Mechanics and Combustion (Publisher: Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, Editors: J. Soria & D. Honnery; ISBN: 0-7326-2076-7), Melbourne, Australia, 9–10 December 1999.
  5. Fouras, A., Soria, J. & Ellenreider, K.D. (1999) Velocity measurements of separated wall bounded shear flow using half frame image shift recording and multigrid cross-correlation PIV, in Proceedings Of 8th International Conference on Laser Anemometry Advancements and Applications (Publisher: University of Rome, Rome, Italy; Editors: A. Cenedese & D. Pietrolgiacomi), Rome, Italy, 6–8 September 1999.
  6. Fouras, A. & Soria, J. (1998) Large scale flapping of separated flow, in Proceedings Of The Thirteenth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (Publisher: Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Editors: M.C. Thompson & K. Hourigan; ISBN: 0-7326-2044-9), Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, 13-18 December 1998, 2, 691–694.
  7. Chong, M., Fouras, A., Kostas, J. & Soria, J. (1998) Flow field measurements of separated and reattached flows, in Advances in Turbulence VII (Proceedings of the Seventh European Turbulence Conference; Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands; Editor: U. Frisch; ISBN: 0-7923-5115-0), Saint-Jean Cap Ferrat, France, 30 June – 3 July 1998.
  8. Cater, J., Fouras, A., Kostas, J., & Soria, J. (1998) Effect of anomalous particle light scattering on PIV image quality, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Optical Metrology (Publisher: International Society of Optical Engineering, Washington, USA; Editors: P.K. Rastogi & F. Gyimesi; ISBN: 0277-786x), Hungary, 8–11 June 1998.
  9. Cater, J., Fouras, A., Kostas, J., & Soria, J. (1998) High resolution cross-correlation PIV on photographic film, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Optical Metrology (Publisher: International Society of Optical Engineering, Washington, USA; Editors: P.K. Rastogi & F. Gyimesi; ISBN: 0277-786x), Hungary, 8–11 June 1998.
  10. Cater, J., Fouras, A., Kostas, J. & Soria, J. (1998) A high spatial resolution and large dynamic range cross-correlation PIV technique for turbulent flow measurements, in Optical Methods and Data Processing in Heat and Fluid Flow (Proceedings of the International Conference on Optical Methods and Data Processing in Heat and Fluid Flow; Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing, London, UK; Editor: IMechE Conference Transactions 1998-2; ISBN: 1-86058-142-0), London, 16–17 April 1998.
  11. Soria, J. & Fouras, A. (1997) Accuracy of out-of-plane vorticity distributions calculated from 2D planar velocity fields, in Bulletin of the American Physical Society (50th Annual American Physical Society Meeting of the Division of Fluid Dynamics; Publisher: AIP, USA; Editor: B.H. Ripin; ISBN: 0003-0503), San Francisco, 23–25 November 1997, 42(11).